16th Century

Mashrabiya diaspora - New Spain - South America. The Umayyad Caliphate spreads the distinctive latticed mashrabiya to North Africa, the Middle East, and Spain, which in turn finds it appropriate to the tropical cities of its empire in the New World. Closed off but offering access to air, providing shade but also the ability to view the street without being seen, the mashrabiya is an in-between version of an in-between element, making it flexible, able to be exploited anywhere...